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This article was written by the product team that created Microsoft Outlook for the best possible reason — our customers asked. Outlook is designed to be used by a wide audience with many work needs and styles.
Although there’s no one “right way,” there are a few ways of working in the program that we know to be easier than others. We hope that by being aware of the best practices, you will have the best experience possible using Outlook.
This guide represents our advice on how to get the most out of Outlook. A few core scenarios are covered to help you leverage Outlook into your information management needs. Spend lots of time every day using Outlook to send and receive messages and to set up or attend meetings. Basic principles of good time management. Setting up Outlook The layout. To-Do Bar. Quick Steps. Tame your Inbox with the four Ds. Daily review: Managing your time and tasks. Tasks: Doing your work. Find that message: Searching effectively.
How to find a message from a particular person. Write great email messages. Calendar and meetings. Frequently asked questions. About the author.
Outlook is a tool to help you manage your email messages, calendar, contacts, and tasks. To get the most out of Outlook, we suggest a few basic principles:.
Reduce the number of places where you read messages. If you’re using a new version of Microsoft , you can use Focused Inbox for Outlook to automatically separate the types of messages you’re most likely to read right away from other messages. Let some messages pass by. Use rules to send the messages that you don’t need to read right away into their own folders.
Such as folders for projects or Contact Group folders. Reduce the number of places where you manually file messages. Reduce the mental tax of filing by relying on search to locate messages. Reduce your to-do list to one list. Use a single to-do list and a single calendar to manage what you need to do. Even if you don’t use all of the best practices described here, following only a few will improve your experience with Outlook.
The first step in following these best practices is to set up a system to optimize how you use Outlook. The Navigation Pane open on the left.
Your messages in Conversations view , with messages sent directly to you automatically formatted in blue. The Reading Pane on the right. The To-Do Bar open on the far right. If your screen resolution is less than by pixels, the To-Do Bar can be minimized.
Cached Exchange Mode turned on. For details on how to set up the recommended layout, see the FAQ section. An Inbox for messages that you need to process deal with. Your Inbox is for messages sent directly to you or that could be important for you to read. If you receive many messages that go back and forth among several different people, change to Conversations view. Otherwise, use the date arrangement the default arrangement. Use automatic formatting rules to make all messages sent only to you blue.
A single reference folder, under the Inbox, for all reference material that you might want to refer back to later.
Nothing is automatically filed that is, with a rule into this folder. Name this folder 1-Reference. Adding the 1- will cause it to be the first item under the Inbox. This folder is created under the Inbox so that you can collapse the Inbox and remove it from view.
Set this folder to auto archive annually. Note: If this folder becomes too large 10, items or more , Outlook might become slow when switching to this folder. A folder for career-related, private, and personal messages. Having a separate folder for personal and career-related information gives you the freedom to search for a message while someone is standing over your shoulder without worrying that a personally sensitive message will appear.
Name this folder 2-Personal. Managers might have a single folder for feedback on their employees called 3-Management. Set these folders to auto archive annually. A set of folders for Contact Group messages. Create a single, top-level folder under your Inbox called Contact Groups , and then create a subfolder for each topic of Contact Groups. Usually, one folder per Contact Group is enough, but if you are on several related Contact Groups, consider having all of the messages delivered to the same folder.
These messages should go directly to your Inbox. Set your Contact Group folders to auto archive every six months or more frequently if they are time sensitive — for example, a Contact Group for finding carpool rides should be archived daily.
A set of folders for RSS Feeds. Outlook creates these folders automatically. Search folders are useful for gathering information from across different mail and RSS folders. Search folders can be especially useful when you need to gather information that is saved in different folders — for example, when preparing for a quarterly meeting.
If you receive a large volume of messages more than messages a day , search folders might be a good way for you to parse mail from different senders. Favorites give visibility to folders that are otherwise buried in your mail folder list. Favorites , a subset of your mail folders, appear at the top of the navigation pane. The goal of organizing your Outlook is to reduce the amount of unnecessary “noise” in your Inbox and to make the most important items bubble to the top.
Rules help this process by moving messages into folders based on criteria that you set. Rules filter the messages coming into your Inbox for must-read items only. You can see who has accepted by checking the tracking tab inside the meeting window.
Defer Sent Items This rule delays sending messages by one minute or longer. When using this rule, make sure that your messages have been sent before you shut down your computer.
Multiple Contact Groups that are similar should use the same rule and be filed in the same folder. Any messages that you must read should go directly into your Inbox.
The To-Do Bar is the panel on the right side of Outlook. It shows you a calendar, your upcoming appointments, and your unified task list, which contains:. Show favorite contacts. The default arrangement for tasks is by Due Date, but you might consider changing the arrangement to Start Date, depending upon how you use flags.
If you want to see the tasks that you have pushed out for next week on Monday, arrange by Start Date. If you want to see tasks on the day that they are due, arrange by Due Date. If you receive a lot of messages or are easily distracted by the notification sound that plays for incoming messages, we recommend turning off the following options:. The new mail pop-up alerts.
To change these settings, select the File button, select Options , and then select Mail. Categories in Outlook allow you to manage items in many different ways. There are three main types of categories that we recommend creating:. For example, they can help you more easily identify what you can do now and help you group similar tasks so that you can do them all at once.
Each of your direct reports and your manager for items that you want to review the next time you meet for example, a category named Manager. Each of the major locations or types of activities that you do, so that you can perform bulk actions a useful part of managing your tasks , for example:.
Commute for tasks that you can do on the way home from work. Email for tasks that involve email messages, meetings, or any other aspect of Outlook. Meeting for items that you need in order to prepare for a meeting. Offline for tasks that take you away from the computer, such as making a copy of a document. Online for tasks that you can accomplish only online or through a Web browser. Read for tasks that involve just reading — not responding.
Waiting for messages or tasks for which you are awaiting a response, but there is no explicit next action for you. Note: Using the symbol makes the categories stand out in your category list.
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Microsoft project 2010 templates free free
Microsoft Access is a database management system DBMS from Microsoft that combines the relational Access Database Engine ACE with a graphical user interface and software-development tools not to be confused with the old Microsoft Access which was a telecommunication program provided terminal emulation and interfaces for ease of use in accessing online services such as Dow Jones , Compuserve and electronic mailbox back during s .
It is a member of the Microsoft suite of applications, included in the Professional and higher editions or sold separately. It can also import or link directly to data stored in other applications and databases. Software developers , data architects and power users can use Microsoft Access to develop application software. Visual objects used in forms and reports expose their methods and properties in the VBA programming environment, and VBA code modules may declare and call Windows operating system operations.
Microsoft Access was the first mass-market database program for Windows. With Microsoft’s purchase of FoxPro in and the incorporation of Fox’s Rushmore query optimization routines into Access, Microsoft Access quickly became the dominant database for Windows—effectively eliminating the competition which failed to transition from the MS-DOS world. Microsoft’s first attempt to sell a relational database product was during the mid s, when Microsoft obtained the license to sell R:Base.
After the Omega project was scrapped, some of its developers were assigned to the Cirrus project most were assigned to the team which created Visual Basic.
The project used some of the code from both the Omega project and a pre-release version of Visual Basic. Years after the program was abandoned, they decided to reuse the name here. The product shipped on seven 1. The manual shows a copyright date. As a part of the Microsoft Office 4. The photo of Andrew Fuller, record 2 of that sample database was the individual that presented and worked with Microsoft to provide such an outstanding example database.
With Office 95, Microsoft Access 7. Since then, Microsoft has released new versions of Microsoft Access with each release of Microsoft Office. This includes Access 97 version 8. Versions 3. Formats include Access 1. The most significant transition was from the Access 97 to the Access format; which is not backward compatible with earlier versions of Access.
As of [update] all newer versions of Access support the Access format. New features were added to the Access format which can be used by Access , , , and It supports links to SharePoint lists and complex data types such as multivalue and attachment fields.
These new field types are essentially recordsets in fields and allow the storage of multiple values or files in one field. For the first time, this allowed Access applications to be run without having to install Access on their PC and was the first support of Mac users.
Any user on the SharePoint site with sufficient rights could use the Access Web service. A copy of Access was still required for the developer to create the Access Web service, and the desktop version of Access remained part of Access The Access Web services were not the same as the desktop applications. The data was no longer in an Access database but SharePoint lists. An Access desktop database could link to the SharePoint data, so hybrid applications were possible so that SharePoint users needing basic views and edits could be supported while the more sophisticated, traditional applications could remain in the desktop Access database.
Microsoft Access offers traditional Access desktop applications plus a significantly updated SharePoint web service. Unlike SharePoint lists, this offers true relational database design with referential integrity, scalability, extensibility and performance one would expect from SQL Server. The Access desktop is similar to Access but several features were discontinued including support for Access Data Projects [ clarification needed ] ADPs , pivot tables, pivot charts, Access data collections, source code control, replication, and other legacy features.
In addition to using its own database storage file, Microsoft Access also may be used as the ‘front-end’ of a program while other products act as the ‘back-end’ tables, such as Microsoft SQL Server and non-Microsoft products such as Oracle and Sybase. NET , or Visual Studio. NET will use the Microsoft Access database format for its tables and queries. Microsoft Access may also be part of a more complex solution, where it may be integrated with other technologies such as Microsoft Excel , Microsoft Outlook , Microsoft Word , Microsoft PowerPoint and ActiveX controls.
Access tables support a variety of standard field types, indices , and referential integrity including cascading updates and deletes. Access also includes a query interface, forms to display and enter data, and reports for printing.
The underlying Access database , which contains these objects, is multi-user and handles record-locking. Repetitive tasks can be automated through macros with point-and-click options. It is also easy to place a database on a network and have multiple users share and update data without overwriting each other’s work. Data is locked at the record level which is significantly different from Excel which locks the entire spreadsheet. There are template databases within the program and for download from Microsoft’s website.
These options are available upon starting Access and allow users to enhance a database with predefined tables, queries , forms, reports, and macros.
Power users and developers can extend basic end-user solutions to a professional solution with advanced automation, data validation , error trapping , and multi-user support.
The number of simultaneous users that can be supported depends on the amount of data, the tasks being performed, level of use, and application design. Generally accepted limits are solutions with 1 GB or less of data Access supports up to 2 GB and it performs quite well with or fewer simultaneous connections concurrent users are supported.
If using an Access database solution in a multi-user scenario, the application should be “split”. This means that the tables are in one file called the back end typically stored on a shared network folder and the application components forms, reports, queries, code, macros, linked tables are in another file called the front end.
The linked tables in the front end point to the back end file. Each user of the Access application would then receive his or her own copy of the front end file. Applications that run complex queries or analysis across large datasets would naturally require greater bandwidth and memory. Microsoft Access is designed to scale to support more data and users by linking to multiple Access databases or using a back-end database like Microsoft SQL Server.
With the latter design, the amount of data and users can scale to enterprise-level solutions. Microsoft Access’s role in web development prior to version is limited. User interface features of Access, such as forms and reports, only work in Windows. In versions through an Access object type called Data Access Pages created publishable web pages. Data Access Pages are no longer supported.
The data i. Access allows databases to be published to SharePoint web sites running Access Services. These web-based forms and reports run in any modern web browser. The resulting web forms and reports, when accessed via a web browser, don’t require any add-ins or extensions e.
Access can create web applications directly in SharePoint sites running Access Services. Access web solutions store its data in an underlying SQL Server database which is much more scalable and robust than the Access version which used SharePoint lists to store its data. Access Services in SharePoint has since been retired.
A compiled version of an Access database file extensions. ADE; ACCDE only works with Access or later can be created to prevent users from accessing the design surfaces to modify module code, forms, and reports. Both the. MDE and. ADE versions of an Access database are used when end-user modifications are not allowed or when the application’s source code should be kept confidential. Microsoft also offers developer extensions for download to help distribute Access applications, create database templates, and integrate source code control with Microsoft Visual SourceSafe.
Users can create tables, queries, forms and reports, and connect them together with macros. Advanced users can use VBA to write rich solutions with advanced data manipulation and user control. Access also has report creation features that can work with any data source that Access can access.
The original concept of Access was for end users to be able to access data from any source. It also has the ability to link to data in its existing location and use it for viewing, querying, editing, and reporting. This allows the existing data to change while ensuring that Access uses the latest data. It can perform heterogeneous joins between data sets stored across different platforms. Access is often used by people downloading data from enterprise level databases for manipulation, analysis, and reporting locally.
This makes it very convenient to distribute the entire application to another user, who can run it in disconnected environments. One of the benefits of Access from a programmer’s perspective is its relative compatibility with SQL structured query language —queries can be viewed graphically or edited as SQL statements, and SQL statements can be used directly in Macros and VBA Modules to manipulate Access tables. Users can mix and use both VBA and “Macros” for programming forms and logic and offers object-oriented possibilities.
VBA can also be included in queries. Microsoft Access offers parameterized queries. These queries and Access tables can be referenced from other programs like VB6 and. Microsoft Access is a file server -based database. Unlike client—server relational database management systems RDBMS , Microsoft Access does not implement database triggers , stored procedures , or transaction logging.
Access includes table-level triggers and stored procedures built into the ACE data engine. Thus a Client-server database system is not a requirement for using stored procedures or table triggers with Access Tables, queries, forms, reports and macros can now be developed specifically for web based applications in Access Integration with Microsoft SharePoint is also highly improved.
The edition of Microsoft Access introduced a mostly flat design and the ability to install apps from the Office Store, but it did not introduce new features.
The theme was partially updated again for , but no dark theme was created for Access. NET web forms can query a Microsoft Access database, retrieve records and display them on the browser. SharePoint Server via Access Services allows for Access databases to be published to SharePoint, thus enabling multiple users to interact with the database application from any standards-compliant Web browser.
Access Web databases published to SharePoint Server can use standard objects such as tables, queries, forms, macros, and reports. Access Services stores those objects in SharePoint.